The most stunning archaeological sites in Egypt

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Cleopatra, animal-headed gods and pharaohs, sarcophagi and mummies: there is no have to have to be an professional Egyptologist to take pleasure in a trip to Egypt. Take a look at Alexandria, Cairo, and the Nile Valley, wherever you can find the most lovely archaeological sites in Egypt all through a cruise on the Steam Ship Sudan. She is the previous steamboat on the river, and on your voyage the majesty of the agricultural landscape may well even rival the splendour of the internet sites en route to Nubia from Luxor (or vice versa). From north to south, and from temples to historical cities, we can arrange for you to check out all the points you really don’t want to skip during your trip to Egypt.

 

  1. Alexandria
  2. The Pyramids of Cheops 
  3. The Sphinx
  4. The Necropolis of Saqqara 
  5. Luxor Temple
  6. The Temples of Karnak 
  7. The Necropolis of Thebes 
  8. The Valley of the Kings
  9. The Temple of Sety I
  10. The Temple of Horus
  11. The Kom Ombo Temple 
  12. The Temple of Khnum 
  13. The Temple of Philae 
  14. The Temples of Abu Simbel 
  15. The Egyptian Museum in Cairo 

1

Alexandria

Launched in the 3rd century B.C., the port of Alexandria swiftly turned a significant metropolis, with a library of famous prosperity, whose influence prolonged much over and above the Mediterranean world. Its essential web pages are the aged city, the Diocletian column, the Roman theatre, the citadel and the catacombs.

2

Cairo

In Giza, the pyramids of Cheops, Chephren and Mykerinus dominate the web site. Cheops, the gigantic tomb of an obscure pharaoh, is the only a single of the seven miracles of the planet to have been preserved. Just a handful of steps away, the Sphinx – with a man’s head and lion’s human body, has been the guardian of the necropolis for just about 5 thousand yrs, and is the eternal image of the nation. Then check out the stunning Khufu Ship, designed to transport pharaohs across from the earth of the dwelling to that of the lifeless, and which sits in a area flooded with light at the foot of one of the pyramids: it is one of the finest illustrations of naval architecture ever made. And of course, you mustn’t pass up out on the many treasures of the Egyptian museum in Cairo (or shortly the Grand Egyptian Museum) which is fully devoted to ancient moments, including the treasure of Tutankhamun, and the gorgeous portraits of Fayum. 
 
An hour from Cairo, the Necropolis of Saqqara is one of the premier internet sites in the nation. Its historical past is intertwined with that of Pharaonic Egypt: designed through the initially dynasty, the necropolis is home to several tombs from the reign of Tutankhamen to that of Ramses II. The variety of the kinds of pyramids offers an insight into the experiments that were ongoing throughout generations to achieve a perfectly smooth pyramid. 

3

Luxor

A former money of the ancient globe, Luxor’s countless miracles unfurl on the financial institutions of the Nile. On the east financial institution, the Temples of Karnak, stone mazes of colossal proportions, sort a city inside of the city focused to the trinity of Theban deities: Amun, Mut, his spouse, and Khonsu, their son. Luxor Temple, designed in the New Kingdom era, is one particular of the most majestic sanctuaries of Pharaonic Egypt, its stylish columns lining the riverbank.

Planted with orchards and sugar cane, the western bank is household to the necropolis of Thebes and its funerary temples: in historic Egypt, crossing the river meant getting into the globe of the lifeless, in which Osiris welcomed the useless on judgment working day. The Valley of the Kings is property to the tombs of Tutankhamun, Ramses III and the greatest pharaohs of the New Kingdom. The Valley of the Queens has the tombs of the royal wives. The Valley of the Nobles gathers the tombs of the governors of Thebes, the Valley of the Craftsmen lets you to find the popular funerary artwork of the craftsmen of the royal necropolis. On the west financial institution, you can also admire the Colossi of Memnon, the only remains of the huge temple devoted to the pharaoh Amenhotep III, the temple of Hatshepsut, and at Medinet Habu, the temple of Ramses III.

From Luxor, head to Abydos in a 4×4 automobile, a two-hour drive underneath escort (regrettably just one must never venture off the beaten observe on your own in Egypt). There, the temple of Seti I is residence to amazing bas-reliefs. In Edfu, at the finish of historic caravan trails, the temple of Horu, son of Ra, is the most effective preserved in Egypt. Between Luxor and Aswan, on the banking institutions of the Nile, the Kom Ombo Temple dates again to the Greco-Roman interval and stands on leading of more mature ruins. It owes its individual composition – two entrances and two galleries close to a double sanctuary – to the truth that it was devoted to two deities: Horus and Sobek, the crocodile god – immediately after viewing the temple, we advocate going to the marvellous little museum devoted to Sobek. 

4

Aswan

With its azure blue skies, breeze coming off the Nile, feluccas sailing with their sails unfurled and midstream islands, Aswan is a pleasurable city and the gateway to Lower Nubia. It is a environment absent from the frenzy of Cairo. Elephantine Island is one particular this sort of island, a palm grove climbing from the waters and sheltering a significant number of ruins dominated by the Temple of Khnum, which dates from the Greco-Roman time period. The Nilometer is a significant staircase descending into the river, which was utilized to measure the floods. A small boat trip away is the island of Agilkia  where, amongst burgeoning bougainvillea, the Temple of Philae seems like a mirage. Its aquatic natural environment and monumental façade make this late creating, which was developed in Roman periods, the most elegant of all the temples in Egypt.

5

Nubia

200 miles from Aswan, in the coronary heart of Nubia, the Temples of Abu Simbel, devoted to the glory of the terrific pharaoh Ramses II, were dug in two sandstone hills experiencing the Nile. The  monumental sentinels guarding the entrance are found on just one of the most breathtaking web pages in the Nile Valley. 
 
You can also discover the outcome of the most vital archaeological salvage procedure ever carried out: when President Nasser resolved to make the Aswan High Dam to control the Nile’s floods for irrigation and electrical energy output, he was not worried about the archaeological treasures which have been doomed to be submerged by the Nile’s waters. Foreign (particularly French) politicians and Egyptologists campaigned alongside UNESCO to help save the two Abu Simbel temples, created respectively in 1290 and 1244 BC, which were slice into 1049 blocks, just about every weighing thirty tonnes, and moved 200 yards from their original place.

 

All of these web-sites can be visited in the course of a cruise on board our boats, The Steam Ship Sudan or The Flâneuse du Nil.

 

Deal with photograph : OLIVIER METZGER